Program requirements

Patient care

Patient care

Residents must be able to provide patient care that is compassionate, appropriate and effective for treating health problems and promoting health.

Residents are expected to:

  • Communicate effectively and demonstrate caring and respectful behaviors when interacting with patients and their families
  • Gather essential and accurate information about their patients
  • Make informed decisions about diagnostic and therapeutic interventions based on patient information and preferences, up-to-date scientific evidence, and clinical judgment
  • Develop and carry out patient management plans
  • Counsel and educate patients and their families
  • Use information technology to support patient care decisions and patient education
  • Perform competently all medical and invasive procedures considered essential for the practice area
  • Provide health care services aimed at preventing health problems or maintaining health
  • Work with health care professionals, including those from other disciplines, to provide patient-focused care.

Medical Knowledge

Medical Knowledge

Residents must demonstrate knowledge about established and evolving biomedical, clinical, and cognate (for example, epidemiological and social-behavioral) sciences and applying this knowledge to patient care.

Residents are expected to:

  • Demonstrate an investigatory and analytic thinking approach to clinical situations
  • Know and apply basic and clinically supportive sciences that are appropriate to their discipline.

Practice-based Learning and Improvement

Practice-based Learning and Improvement

Residents must be able to investigate, evaluate and improve their patient care practices and appraise and assimilate scientific evidence.

Residents are expected to:

  • Analyze practice experience and perform practice-based improvement activities using a systematic methodology
  • Locate, appraise and assimilate evidence from scientific studies related to their patients’ health problems
  • Obtain and use information about their own population of patients and the larger population from which their patients are drawn
  • Apply knowledge of study designs and statistical methods to the appraisal of clinical studies and other information about diagnostic and therapeutic effectiveness
  • Use information technology to manage information, access online medical information, and support their own education
  • Facilitate the learning of students and other health care professionals.

Interpersonal and Communication Skills

Interpersonal and Communication Skills

Residents must be able to demonstrate interpersonal and communication skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with patients, their patients’ families, and professional associates.

Residents are expected to:

  • Create and sustain a therapeutic and ethically sound relationship with patients
  • Use effective listening skills and elicit and provide information using effective nonverbal, explanatory, questioning and writing skills
  • Work effectively with others as a member or leader of a health care team or other professional group.

Professionalism

Professionalism

Residents must demonstrate a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities, adherence to ethical principles, and sensitivity to a diverse patient population.

Residents are expected to demonstrate:

  • Respect, compassion and integrity
  • Responsiveness to the needs of patients and society that supersedes self-interests
  • Accountability to patients, society and the profession
  • Commitment to excellence and ongoing professional development
  • Commitment to ethical principles pertaining to providing or withholding clinical care, confidentiality of patient information, informed consent, and business practices
  • Sensitivity and responsiveness to patients’ culture, age, gender and disabilities.

Systems-based Practice

Systems-based Practice

Residents must demonstrate an awareness of and responsiveness to the larger context and system of health care and the ability to effectively call on system resources to provide care that is of optimal value.

Residents are expected to:

  • Understand how their patient care and other professional practices affect other health care professionals, the health care organization, and the larger society and how these elements of the system affect their own practice
  • Know how types of medical practice and delivery systems differ from one another, including methods of controlling health care costs and allocating resources
  • Practice cost-effective health care and resource allocation that does not compromise quality of care
  • Advocate for quality patient care and help patients deal with system complexities
  • Know how to partner with health care managers and health care providers to assess, coordinate and improve health care and know how these activities can affect system performance.